8 World War II Generals Responsible for Victory

6. Mark Clark

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

General Mark Clark led the U.S. forces in the Allies’ march north through Italy. His Fifth Army’s capture of Rome made all the headlines (at least until D-Day took place days later). Clark was promoted to General in 1945, becoming the youngest in U.S. history. He also served during the Korean War as Commander of the United Nations Command.

5. Chester Nimitz

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Chester Nimitz is the one Admiral — the Navy’s equivalent of a General — of this group, and he played a large role for the U.S. Navy during the war. Days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz was promoted to Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. He was in charge of the Pacific Ocean Areas, one of the three designated areas of the Pacific theater. He successfully defeated the Japanese in the Philippine Sea, and then pressed forward to the Caroline Islands, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. In 1944, he became the Fleet Admiral of the U.S. Navy, which is its highest rank. After the war, he served as chief of naval operations.

4. Dwight D. Eisenhower

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

General Dwight D. Eisenhower was sent over to the Western Front as the Commanding General of U.S. operations in Europe. He acquitted himself well in the invasion of North Africa and oversaw the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy. Eisenhower was then appointed to oversee Operation Overlord — the invasion of Normandy, France — as the Supreme Commander of Allied forces in Europe. Despite lacking combat experience, Eisenhower was a smashing success in war, and he later went on to be the 34th President of the United States of America.

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