The American Civil War has origins further back than most people realize. Politicians in the North and South were divided on the issue of slavery as early as 1820 — the year of the Missouri Compromise. The compromise allowed slavery in the newest state in the Union, Missouri, but banned it within the remainder of the Louisiana territory.
However, thirty-four years later, the Missouri Compromise was overturned by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 — which allowed the two new, independent territories (Kansas and Nebraska) to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery. The North, foreseeing a possible future of nationwide legal slavery, indignantly fought the measure, but it was ultimately signed into law by President Franklin Pierce.
The result was a bitter divide between politicians of the North and South, and a significant shift in the political weather of the United States.
Learn more about the origins of the Civil War and the birth of the Republican party in the video below.Whizzco